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The cornea is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris , pupil and anterior chamber 
           examination  of cornea  with slit lamp                                                               Normal cornea                                               
               It allows the light to enter the eye and allows it to focus on to the retina so that we can see clearly. Normally it is crystal clear totally transparent like glass but any corneal disease or injury can make it translucent or opaque causing decrease in vision or blindness.
Keratitis is a condition where the cornea becomes swollen or inflamed, making the eye red and painful and causing a decrease in vision. Keratitis is also known as corneal ulcer.
It can be caused by bacteria, fungus, or parasite.  Contact lens wearers need to remember that infectious keratitis can result from not caring for your contact lenses properly. A non-infectious form of keratitis may be caused by a simple fingernail scratch or from wearing your contact lenses too long.
Whatever form of keratitis you may have, it is crucial that you see an ophthalmologist right away. Waiting to have your keratitis diagnosed and treated can lead to serious complications, including blindness.
At EMLC we can diagnose and treat all forms of keratitis.
                           Fungal keratitis                                                                                                     keratoplasty in progress

         Acanthaeomeba keratits

A pterygium is a growth on the sun-exposed surface of the eye in response to the ultraviolet damage from the environment. A pterygium often grows in a wing shape, which extends across the cornea towards the pupil. The best treatment for pterygium is prevention. Wearing sun glasses when exposed to sun and wind UV light protection can be helpful in prevention.
If the pterygium is increasing in size or extending on to the cornea excision surgery is required.
Most cornea specialist today perform pterygium surgery with a conjunctival auto graft because of a reduced risk of recurrence. In this technique the pterygium is removed and the cornea regains clarity. However, the gap in the mucous membrane (conjunctiva) tissue, where the pterygium was removed, is filled with a transplant of tissue that has been painlessly removed from underneath the upper eyelid. This “auto-graft” (self transplant) helps prevent recurrence of the pterygium.
The auto graft is held in place with tiny stitches or Fibrin Glue. Stitches may dissolve after a few weeks or can be removed in the surgeon‘s office. Stitches on the eye frequently cause discomfort, however, the auto graft when pasted on the sclera with help of glue gives better comfort and quicker rehabilitation.

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